Research has found that intrinsic and extrinsic motivation can have effects on behaviors and how people pursue goals. Extrinsic motivation is performing or engaging in an activity to earn rewards or avoid unishment. Examples would be studying to get a good grade, cleaning your room to avoid being grounded, or participating in sports to win a trophy. Intrinsic motivation is engaging in a behavior because it’s personally rewarding. Examples would be participating in a sport because it’s enjoyable, solving a puzzle because it’s fun or playing a game because it’s exciting. Essentially, extrinsic motivation arises from outside an individual, while intrinsic motivation arises from within. An example would be a pizza party if employees complete a survey with group participation being greater than 90%.
Characteristics of a performance driven team are:
Sense of purpose-team members have a common and shared vision, goals, objectives and values. There’s a stron focus on results and solutions, a sense of priorities, and clarity about directions, decisions and how we act
Open communication-team members express thoughts and feelings openly, and conflict is surfaced and resloved routinely. People listen attentively and engage in dialogue.
Trust and mutual respect-team members value and support each other. They are truthful and provide honest and caring feedback.
Shared leadership-team members assume leadership roles depending on the task at hand and the needs of the group.
Effective working procedures-the team knows how to gather, organize, and evaluate information. They encourage creativity, innovation, risk-taking, and they plan appropriately.
Flexibility and adaptability-People see changes as opportunities, they share responsibility and they look for continuous improvement
Continuous learning-team members encourage difficult questions, learn from experiences and mistakes, and encourage growth and development of their team members.
Intrinsic motivation is defined as performing an activity for personal satisfaction rather for some consequence, a person who is intrinsically motivated acts For the Fun of a challenge rather than external pressures or rewards (Ryan, 2000). Extrinsic motivation is when an activity is performed to gain a separable outcome, an extrinsically motivated person acts in hopes of gaining an outside reward (Ryan, 2000). Motivation for the extrinsic person would be such as pay raises, bonuses, and benefits. Intrinsically motivated people perform an activity because they simply like the activity or the challenge, an extrinsically motivated person performs an activity for its instrumental value whether it be receiving a reward or avoiding punishment.
Characteristics of a performance-driven team is a team who works together and because of that a greater outcome is achieved. Eggenberger, Sherman, Keller (2014) stated that in any setting, “high-performance work teams rarely occur naturally. They must be created and managed. To instill effective teamwork into health care, leaders need to recognize and emphasize its importance”. Having a strong team with strong communication skills is a key characteristic to have. Our team at work is amazing and we work really well together. We are always helping each other out even if we are busy and behind with charting.
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